Welcome to keyring documentation!

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The Python keyring library provides an easy way to access the system keyring service from python. It can be used in any application that needs safe password storage.

These recommended keyring backends are supported:

Other keyring implementations are available through Third-Party Backends.

Installation - Linux

On Linux, the KWallet backend relies on dbus-python, which does not always install correctly when using pip (compilation is needed). For best results, install dbus-python as a system package.

Using Keyring

The basic usage of keyring is pretty simple: just call keyring.set_password and keyring.get_password:

>>> import keyring
>>> keyring.set_password("system", "username", "password")
>>> keyring.get_password("system", "username")
'password'

Command-line Utility

Keyring supplies a keyring command which is installed with the package. After installing keyring in most environments, the command should be available for setting, getting, and deleting passwords. For more information on usage, invoke with no arguments or with --help as so:

$ keyring --help
$ keyring set system username
Password for 'username' in 'system':
$ keyring get system username
password

The command-line functionality is also exposed as an executable package, suitable for invoking from Python like so:

$ python -m keyring --help
$ python -m keyring set system username
Password for 'username' in 'system':
$ python -m keyring get system username
password

Configuring

The python keyring lib contains implementations for several backends. The library will attempt to automatically choose the most suitable backend for the current environment. Users may also specify the preferred keyring in a config file or by calling the set_keyring() function.

Config file path

The configuration is stored in a file named “keyringrc.cfg” found in a platform-specific location. To determine where the config file is stored, run the following:

python -c "import keyring.util.platform_; print(keyring.util.platform_.config_root())"

Some keyrings also store the keyring data in the file system. To determine where the data files are stored, run:

python -c "import keyring.util.platform_; print(keyring.util.platform_.data_root())"

Config file content

To specify a keyring backend, set the default-keyring option to the full path of the class for that backend, such as keyring.backends.OS_X.Keyring.

If keyring-path is indicated, keyring will add that path to the Python module search path before loading the backend.

For example, this config might be used to load the SimpleKeyring from the simplekeyring module in the ./demo directory (not implemented):

[backend]
default-keyring=simplekeyring.SimpleKeyring
keyring-path=demo

Third-Party Backends

In addition to the backends provided by the core keyring package for the most common and secure use cases, there are additional keyring backend implementations available for other use-cases. Simply install them to make them available:

Write your own keyring backend

The interface for the backend is defined by keyring.backend.KeyringBackend. Every backend should derive from that base class and define a priority attribute and three functions: get_password(), set_password(), and delete_password(). The get_credential() function may be defined if desired.

See the backend module for more detail on the interface of this class.

Keyring employs entry points to allow any third-party package to implement backends without any modification to the keyring itself. Those interested in creating new backends are encouraged to create new, third-party packages in the keyrings namespace, in a manner modeled by the keyrings.alt package. See the setup.cfg file in that project for a hints on how to create the requisite entry points. Backends that prove essential may be considered for inclusion in the core library, although the ease of installing these third-party packages should mean that extensions may be readily available.

To create an extension for Keyring, please submit a pull request to have your extension mentioned as an available extension.

Runtime Configuration

Keyring additionally allows programmatic configuration of the backend calling the api set_keyring(). The indicated backend will subsequently be used to store and retrieve passwords.

To invoke set_keyring:

# define a new keyring class which extends the KeyringBackend
import keyring.backend

class TestKeyring(keyring.backend.KeyringBackend):
    """A test keyring which always outputs same password
    """
    priority = 1

    def set_password(self, servicename, username, password):
        pass

    def get_password(self, servicename, username):
        return "password from TestKeyring"

    def delete_password(self, servicename, username, password):
        pass

# set the keyring for keyring lib
keyring.set_keyring(TestKeyring())

# invoke the keyring lib
try:
    keyring.set_password("demo-service", "tarek", "passexample")
    print("password stored successfully")
except keyring.errors.PasswordSetError:
    print("failed to store password")
print("password", keyring.get_password("demo-service", "tarek"))

Altering Keyring Behavior

Keyring provides a mechanism to alter the keyring’s behavior through environment variables. Each backend implements a KeyringBackend.set_properties_from_env, which when invoked will find all environment variables beginning with KEYRING_PROPERTY_{NAME} and will set a property for each {NAME.lower()} on the keyring. This method is invoked during initialization for the default/configured keyring.

This mechanism may be used to set some useful values on various keyrings, including:

  • keychain; macOS, path to an alternate keychain file

  • appid; Linux/SecretService, alternate ID for the application

Using Keyring on Ubuntu 16.04

The following is a complete transcript for installing keyring in a virtual environment on Ubuntu 16.04. No config file was used:

$ sudo apt install python3-venv libdbus-glib-1-dev
$ cd /tmp
$ pyvenv py3
$ source py3/bin/activate
$ pip install -U pip
$ pip install secretstorage dbus-python
$ pip install keyring
$ python
>>> import keyring
>>> keyring.get_keyring()
<keyring.backends.SecretService.Keyring object at 0x7f9b9c971ba8>
>>> keyring.set_password("system", "username", "password")
>>> keyring.get_password("system", "username")
'password'

Using Keyring on headless Linux systems

It is possible to use the SecretService backend on Linux systems without X11 server available (only D-Bus is required). In this case:

  • Install the GNOME Keyring daemon.

  • Start a D-Bus session, e.g. run dbus-run-session -- sh and run the following commands inside that shell.

  • Run gnome-keyring-daemon with --unlock option. The description of that option says:

    Read a password from stdin, and use it to unlock the login keyring or create it if the login keyring does not exist.

    When that command is started, enter a password into stdin and press Ctrl+D (end of data). After that, the daemon will fork into background (use --foreground option to block).

  • Now you can use the SecretService backend of Keyring. Remember to run your application in the same D-Bus session as the daemon.

Integration

API

The keyring lib has a few functions:

  • get_keyring(): Return the currently-loaded keyring implementation.

  • get_password(service, username): Returns the password stored in the active keyring. If the password does not exist, it will return None.

  • get_credential(service, username): Return a credential object stored in the active keyring. This object contains at least username and password attributes for the specified service, where the returned username may be different from the argument.

  • set_password(service, username, password): Store the password in the keyring.

  • delete_password(service, username): Delete the password stored in keyring. If the password does not exist, it will raise an exception.

In all cases, the parameters (service, username, password) should be Unicode text.

Exceptions

The keyring lib raises following exceptions:

  • keyring.errors.KeyringError: Base Error class for all exceptions in keyring lib.

  • keyring.errors.InitError: Raised when the keyring cannot be initialized.

  • keyring.errors.PasswordSetError: Raised when password cannot be set in the keyring.

  • keyring.errors.PasswordDeleteError: Raised when the password cannot be deleted in the keyring.

Get Involved

Python keyring lib is an open community project and eagerly welcomes contributors.

For Enterprise

Available as part of the Tidelift Subscription.

This project and the maintainers of thousands of other packages are working with Tidelift to deliver one enterprise subscription that covers all of the open source you use.

Learn more.

Security Contact

To report a security vulnerability, please use the Tidelift security contact. Tidelift will coordinate the fix and disclosure.

Making Releases

This project makes use of automated releases continuous integration. The simple workflow is to tag a commit and push it to Github. If it passes tests on a late Python version, it will be automatically deployed to PyPI.

Other things to consider when making a release:

  • first ensure that tests pass (preferably on Windows and Linux)

  • check that the changelog is current for the intended release

Running Tests

Tests are continuously run in various CI environments such as Azure Pipelines and Travis CI.

To run the tests locally, install and invoke tox.

Background

The project was based on Tarek Ziade’s idea in this post. Kang Zhang initially carried it out as a Google Summer of Code project, and Tarek mentored Kang on this project.

keyring.set_keyring(keyring)

Set current keyring backend.

keyring.get_keyring()

Get current keyring backend.

keyring.set_password(service_name, username, password)

Set password for the user in the specified service.

keyring.get_password(service_name, username)

Get password from the specified service.

keyring.delete_password(service_name, username)

Delete the password for the user in the specified service.

keyring.get_credential(service_name, username)

Get a Credential for the specified service.

Indices and tables